3 Good Health And Well-Being 3. Good Health And Well-Being

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

Technology in action Opportunities & Challenges
12m+Deaths per year attributed to unhealthy environments
50%Increase in safe deliveries by women using internet-based video systems in Andhra Pradesh, India
$34bnForecasted market value of wearable devices by 2030

Goal 3 aims to ensure health and well-being for all, at every stage of life. While there has been significant improvement in global health in the last two decades, further progress is needed. For example, the global rate of maternal mortality decreased 44% between 1990 and 2015, yet most maternal deaths are preventable. In sub-Saharan Africa, only 53% of live births are accompanied by expert care during delivery. Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the biggest cause of death, responsible for 70% of all deaths. However, more than half of all deaths in low-income countries are due to communicable diseases, nutritional deficiencies and conditions arising during pregnancy or childbirth.

Neonatal mortality is highest in Central and Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, and lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene services are major risk factors for infectious diseases and mortality. Death rates in these regions due to these factors were two to four times that of the global average. In addition, the incidence of HIV infection remains highest in sub-Saharan Africa.

More about this Goal

Technology in action


U-Report is a mobile empowerment programme that connects young people all over the world to their governments and decision makers, shares …

Read More

Talking Book

Amplio’s Talking Book is a durable, low-cost audio device, designed for the learning needs of illiterate people in the world’s hardest-to-r…

Read More


Simprints are a non-profit tech company building low-cost,biometric identification systems for the last mile.

Read More

Opportunities & Challenges

While health funding has increased since 2005, rising rates of NCDs and compounding factors result in a lack of adequate healthcare and poor health conditions. Addressing this will require extending access to health information and personnel as well as improving funding models.

Several key changes required include: Increased access to healthcare workers; Insufficient doctor and healthcare worker density is a problem in many parts of the world, limiting progress towards universal access to healthcare.

Improved sanitation: Rapidly growing cities could further strain overburdened systems and spread infectious diseases. Educating communities on how infections spread has significant potential to improve health outcomes. Improving water treatment infrastructure will also help improve sanitation and water quality conditions.

New investment models and tools for funding: Collaborative models such as impact investing or public-private partnerships will be crucial to access healthcare funding required to meet Goal 3.

Reducing environmental toxicity: An estimated 12.6 million deaths each year (nearly one in four of total deaths) are attributable to unhealthy environments. In the coming years, climate change poses a significant health challenge. Building more efficient infrastructure, transport and manufacturing systems can help reduce pollutants in the air, water and soil, in turn reducing the risk of both non-communicable and infectious diseases.

Improved nutrition: A lack of access to nutritious foods is a key contributor to poor health (see Goal 2 for more discussion).

The world needs strong multi-stakeholder partnerships like 2030Vision that focus on the technological innovations required to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development... I welcome 2030Vision for its leadership and ambition towards attaining our shared Goals for People and Planet by 2030. António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations
Did you know ?