Goal 13 aims to limit global temperature increase to well below 2°C, and ideally below 1.5°C. The targets for Goal 13 include the integration of climate change measures into national policies, strengthening adaptive capacity to climaterelated hazards and disasters and mobilizing financial support for developing nations for mitigation and adaptation. Climate change affects every country in the world, and people are already experiencing changing weather patterns, rising sea levels and more extreme weather events. Climate change disproportionately impacts the poorest and most vulnerable populations, and could increase extreme poverty rates by 2030. The impacts of climate change pose significant risks for agriculture, water supplies, health, energy, security and infrastructure. According to the UN, more than 1.6 million people died due to natural disasters between 2000 and 2015. The world experienced continued warming in 2016, with temperatures 1.1°C above the pre-industrial average. Without action, temperatures are projected to increase more than 3°C this century. To remain below 2°C, per capita emissions in the developed world will need to be halved by 2030 (8 to 4.2 gigatons of CO2e).
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Opportunities & Challenges
Political engagement, collaboration and mobilization of financial resources across national boundaries will be critical to delivering on this global challenge.
Access to finance & technical support: Developing countries need capital, skilled workers and blueprints for clean infrastructure in order to implement their national adaptation plans. Improved data tracking pilot project results and return on investment can guide and support new investment where it is needed most.
Aligning incentives to decarbonize: Companies and governments alike will need to rapidly decarbonize processes and supply chains through energy efficiency, renewable energy and low- and zero-carbon products and services. New business models can help decentralize access to clean energy, while information sharing, greater efficiency, collaboration and affordability should improve adoption and spread of low- to zero-carbon solutions.
Disaster risk planning and management: The devastation wreaked by disasters is widely due to an inability to anticipate and respond to impending risks.
Tracking and monitoring illegal activities: Illegal activities like logging contribute to deforestation and climate change.